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Format All Paperback 13 Hardback 5. Refine results. Filter your search. Showing 1 to 30 of 48 results. Mandrin Michel Peyramaure. Add to basket. Peyramaure, Michel, Bd.

Try AbeBooks. Suzanne Valadon Michel Peyramaure. Les amants maudits Michel Peyramaure. Notify me. Le temps des ivresses Michel Peyramaure. MM, I, chs. Cheualiers ne doit por paor de mort nule cose faire ou len puisse honte connoistre ne aperceuoir. Ains doit plus douter honteuse cose que mort a souffrir. Cheualiers doit auoir.

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This is indeed good counsel, but alas few were the chevaliers who followed it, as the history of the Middle Ages amply attests. It is largely in the literature of the period that we must look for the ideal knight, where, as in real life, the evil knight often keeps him company.

But if the chansons de geste and the romances are often full of extravagant imagination, they are also founded on actual facts, as a comparison of the life they portray with that set forth in the sober chronicles will show. What virtues were ascribed to knights and what qualities to the'order of chivalry by the people of the Middle Ages appears excellently in Hue de Tabarie's L'Ordene de Chevalerie, cf. Here he specifically enumerates, from a somewhat biased point of view, some of the other general qualities of a knight. As an author and a poet he maintains everywhere—and particularly in Lancelot-that these qualities, and others that constitute real knightly perfection, can be achieved only in and by the love and service of ladies.

Probitas sola quemque dignum facit amore. But praise for prowess can not be won, says Yvain w. The mere desire for fame in arms is evidence of knightly virtue. A good knight must be able to keep his temper Lancelot, and forgive those who show him any discourtesy Yvain, ; nor will a true knight take bribe or wrongful reward Yvain, , for it is his duty to rescue the forlorn Lancelot, ; indeed, he would rather fight than do any wrong Lancelot, Above ail, a knight's promise, especially to his lady, is inviolable Lancelot, , In these, Love's precepts for behavior, Ydoine instructs Amadas and grants him her love on the condition that he fulfill them.

Says she:. But she is not yet through with her injunctions:. The three lines last quoted introduce a matter that was the constant care of Ydoine as well as of many another mediaeval lady. This he usually did 7 Cf. Amour's instructions to Amant in the Roman de la Rose, w. Not only must the lady's good fame be preserved by the nobility of the lover, but care must be taken that her reputation be not spotted by the slanders of evil tongues. When Amadas lies in a faint at her feet, Ydoine thinks that she will have very evil fame if he is discovered there vv. Fenice rejoices that Love has caused her to incline to "Le plus cortois et le plus preu.

She thinks that if their affair is carefully handled they need never have blame on account of it vv. It may be said that secrecy was the prime tenet of the system of courtly love; extra-marital as it was, common sense demanded that the love be concealed. But eventually the rational necessity for the fact was forgotten, and secrecy imposed its commands in situations where there was no obvious reason for it. Qui non celat, amare non potest"? Amor raro consuevit durare vulgatus. The matter of secrecy was carried to such an extreme that even in his avowal the lover made use of "moz coverz" Amadas, ff.

Amare nemo potest, nisi qui amoris suasione compellitur. Amorosus semper est timorosus. Ydoine, knowing nothing of the youth's passion, calls him to her:. But what, after a! I, is the cause of love? When Amadas went to serve Ydoine at the feast, it was as though he had never seen her before. De Amore, p. The direct source of this conceit was the troubadour poetry of Provence, in which haughty ladies abound; in time the characteristic was personified as Dangier in the Roman de la Rose.

Facilis perceptio contemptibilem reddit amorem, difficilis eum carum facit haberi. But when the lady finally succumbed to Love's demands, she paid dearly for her early disdain. Belissant in Amis, RImel in Horn; cp. Ipomedon, ed. Kolbing and Koschwitz, w. Sometimes the lady availed herself of "dangier" even after she had accepted her lover; cf. Lancelot, w. Says the latter: "XV. Omnis consuevit amans in coamantis aspectu pallescere. In repentina coamantis visione cor contremescit amantis. That Amadas was a victim of the disease in ail its virulence will appear from the following passages: Ne set s'il a joie ou dolour,.

Minus dormit et edit, quem amoris cogitatio vexat. Love so torments Fenice that she, like Amadas v. Guinevere's beauty, like that See further w.

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  8. But whatever pleasure there may be in Love's torments, Amadas is really in a pitiable state on account of them: Le mangier et le boire pert Celtic Remains, under "The Malady of 'Hereos. Amans coamantis solatiis satiari non potest.

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    The Amadas poet is not much concerned with this element of courtly love, or else he neglects it because he is too busy otherwise. But when Amadas disinters Ydoine in the cemetery vv. Zupitza, ff. See also Roman de la. In Escoufle the Comte Richard de Montivilliers is always in love and so always hardy. Very closely connected with this is another motif-of which the Amadas poet has not availed himself-so strikingly illustrated by Peredur ab Evrawc and Perceval. Quilibet amantis actus in coamantis cogitatione finitur. Verus amans assidua sine intermissione coamantis imaginatione detinetur.

    Lancelot amply illustrates this pronouncement: Whatever his lady does seems good to him vv. The lady's command is sovereign w. It is the courtly lover that speaks when Amadas says to Ydoine on her resurrection from the tomb:. Verus amans alterius nisi sui coamantis ex affectu non cupit amplexus. More than once the latter swears that she will have no other lord, and the thought of another lady never crosses Amadas' mind; indeed, he is astonished and grieved that Ydoine should suggest such a thing.

    Les épées de feu (ROMAN) (French Edition)

    Nothing could exceed such loyalty. Laudine wants to kill herself on the death of her lord Yvain, , , and both Lancelot and Cp. Guinevere alI but take their lives on hearing the false news of their lover's death Lancelot, w. To recapitulate, the Amadas poet makes use of the following stock conventions of courtiy-love literature: That love should be well placed in a knight worthy of the lady's affections so that her reputation may be safe; that love should be concealed from the people; that Love instructs the lover how to behave and makes of him a pattern of ail the virtues; that the lover is timorous, but that the lady's beauty causes him to confess his love; that the lady is disdainful of love; that love-pains cause loss of color, trembling and languishment, but that the lady is the physician of the lover's ills; that when the lover has been accepted, he is happy only in obeying the lady's commands; that the heart passes from one lover to another.

    Some use is also made of the idea that the lover can never satiate himself with looking at his beloved. But none of these conventions has prevented the poet from portraying a real passion; that he was dealing, modo suo, with characters of real life, and not with artificial puppets of courtly imagination, is less apparent from the courtly rules he follows than from those he does not follow.

    Causa conjugii ab amore non est excusatio recta. Literature has always pictured the evil as foul-featured, and, by contrast, the good as beautiful. So, the evildoers of romance are usually filthy and deformed wights, while the heroines and heroes are models of beauty. The pictures of the personal beauty of Amadas and Ydoine follow the conventional pattern.

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    Dodd, Courtly Love in Go! Even if there be nothing original in the description of Ydoine, the passage is worth citing as one more picture of a beautiful lady. Like Marie's hero Guigemar, Amadas was disdainful of love for a long time. More often it is the lady who is scornful. Something has been said of this matter in dealing with courtly conventions; since it is also a romantic convention, it must be touched again here.